Student Login


Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skilfully. They are taught how to:

  • recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes;
  • identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make - such as ‘sh’ or ‘oo’; and
  •  blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word.

Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read.


Research shows that when phonics is taught in a structured way – starting with the easiest sounds and progressing through to the most complex – it is the most effective way of teaching young children to read. It is particularly helpful for children aged 5 to 7.

Almost all children who receive good teaching of phonics will learn the skills they need to tackle new words. They can then go on to read any kind of text fluently and confidently, and to read for enjoyment.

Children who have been taught phonics also tend to read more accurately than those taught using other methods, such as ‘look and say’. This includes children who find learning to read difficult, for example those who have dyslexia.

At Charlestown we use ‘Letters and Sounds’, a government produced synthetic phonic teaching programme.  Phonics is taught daily in small (similar ability) groups. Here the children learn new sounds and through the games and activities apply their new knowledge and skills to segment and blend words. They also learn to read tricky words from the phase they are working in.  Supporting your child with any phonic homework will help your child to make progress.

We also use Phonics Bug to support the teaching of Phonics.

Below is a YouTube Clip which shows how to pronounce the phonemes children have to learn. 

We have also added a video that you can use to sing along to and have some fun.